Types of Electric Car Charging stations – EV chargers, Connectors, and Plugs

The electric vehicle will continue to rise in popularity with time. Electric vehicles are a trending topic for today’s generation. Understanding the critical factors of the different types of charging connectors can be helpful for EV users to charge their EVs efficiently. It is very crucial to meet all the requirements of various EVs. Some critical components of the charging stations are connectors, sockets, chargers, and plugs. Let us dig deeper into the different types of electric vehicle charging stations. These types involve various EV chargers, plugs, sockets, and connectors.

Types of Charging Connectors for EVs

Electric vehicle charging cables include two connectors, like phone charging cables. The part that goes into the vehicle socket is the connection pin, and the other is into the chargepoint itself. Depending on the type of connector EV users need, they can select the charging connectors. Thus, accordingly, the power rating or speed will vary. It will vary based on which electric vehicle model users are using. Different connectors will fit according to the charging ports in the electric vehicle.

Regional and model-specific variations are the two different charging connectors. Many countries use various connectors based on their EV models. Several international manufacturers in countries like the United States and Europe support the Combined Charging System (CCS). Japan uses separate connectors from the manufacturer CHAdeMO. China, the largest market for electric vehicles, uses GB/T.

The charging infrastructures also depend on the power levels accessible at each site. Following are some connector types that various EV charging stations might have:

J1772 Connector Type 1:

This charging connector is a five-pinned connector mainly used in North America and Japan. It is also known as a J plug or type 1 connector. It can support five pins connection and charge up to 80 amps using 240 input volts. This charging type is adequate for “Level 1” and “Level 2” electric vehicle chargers. These rely on single-phase AC charging.

Mennekes connector Type 2:

The Mennekes connector is a prevalent charging standard in Europe. It is also known as a Type 2 connector, a seven-pinned connector. It can support seven pin connections by charging up to 32 amps using 400 input volts. This charging type is adequate for single-phase and three-phase AC charging for Level 2 chargers. These rely on the automatic locking mechanism. When users put the connectors into the charging place, it automatically sets the locks into place. These charging connectors are safer and more convenient.

GB/T Connectors:

These connectors are the national charging standard in China. It has two versions, AC and DC charging. The AC connectors can provide up to 7.4 kilowatts of power output. The DC connectors can provide up to 237.5 kilowatts. In China, these DC chargers are the only fast charging options.

CHAdeMO Connectors:

The Japanese automakers developed the CHAdeMO connector. It is a DC fast-charging standard. It can charge electric vehicles up to 400 amps. It provides a maximum power output of 400 kilowatts.

Tesla Connectors:

The Tesla connectors are one of the flexible charging options. These vary based on the region and type of the EV model. Tesla Model 3 and Y use a CCS Type 2 connector in Europe and most other regions worldwide. Model S and X use an updated Type 2 plug with notches. It will prevent non-Tesla sockets. In North America, Tesla uses its proprietary NACS connector. It can provide up to 250 kilowatts and is best compatible with Teslas.

However, with the growing demand for EVs, Tesla made itself more flexible. They can deliver EV charging connectors for other EV manufacturers. It promotes EV adoption and charging infrastructure evolution. Tesla connectors vary depending on the region and model.

Different Levels of EV Charging Plugs

Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 are the various electric vehicle charging levels. EV users can connect the charging apparatus to a standard wall socket. They can charge any EV or plug-in hybrid on Level 1 at one’s convenience. On the other hand, level 2 charging requires different equipment and cables. These differ from the level 1 charging. In level 2 charging, users use the J1772 plug, generally widely used by North Americans.

Charging Types

Wired and Wireless chargers are two different modes of facilities available for EV users to charge. An electric vehicle charging station can have these charging types (either one or both) for efficiency and more customer engagement.

J1772 (Wired):

These chargers, called J plugs, offer Level 1 and 2 charging capabilities. North American electric vehicle users use these connectors compatible with several electric vehicles sold in North America.

J2954 (Wireless):

The SAE International released the J2954 (Wireless), the world’s first global wireless charging standard. For heavy-duty automobiles, these charging facilities are the best. It has larger induction plates and more powerful technologies under the banner “J2954/2.” These can charge up to 500 kilowatts. It illustrates acceptable measures for interoperability and electromagnetic compatibilities. It also provides EMF, safety, and minimum performance, testing for wireless power transfer (WPT) of light-duty plug-in electric vehicles.

Charging Station with Different Plugs and their Speeds

Charging speeds can depend upon two types, AC and DC chargers. AC is commonly called destination charging, and DC is Direct Current. A charging station business can opt for both or any chargers based on convenience.

Alternating Current:

Public charging infrastructures and household chargers often use AC. In other words, users cannot charge their electric vehicles faster with these chargers. Even if the charging point’s capacity is more powerful than the OC capacity, the EV cannot charge any quicker. The OC capacity has set restrictions and is the main limitation of such chargers. Electric vehicles typically use 7 kilowatts of batteries. But the AC charging may adapt up to 22 kilowatts of charging capacity.

Direct Current:

It is the fastest option available for users to charge EVs at charging stations. It can deliver 150 and 300 kilowatts fast charging options. But for more speed, charging station owners deploy superchargers that supply 50 kilowatts, the most prevalent option. The capacities of the charging options and the charging socket define the battery’s life cycle and performance in DC chargers.


We hope this EV article has generated cromulent content for learners and readers interested in the EV world and the charging facilities. The types of charging stations depend directly on the charging connectors like the Mennekes connector Type 2, CHAdeMO Connector, GB/T Connectors, etc. Also, AC and DC determine the charging station’s charging speeds of the plugs. Also, the plugs can boost the charging speed, managing the supply of the right amount of electricity passing to the electric vehicle.