What are the challenges in building EV charging stations in India?

What are the challenges in building EV charging stations in India?

In the past few years, the electric vehicle industry has shown increasing demand, and many car users have switched from petrol to electric cars in India. Soon, India will encounter the e-mobility revolution, which is the future. While car manufacturers constantly update and modify their electric vehicles, most eyes turn to electric vehicle chargers and the infrastructure.

Since EV chargers are the most critical aspect of e-mobility, there must be a proper and convenient way of charging these EVs. But several states in India are still trailing behind in installing and maintaining EV charging infrastructures. There are some challenges installers faces while installing charging at EV charging stations. It became the reason for the low penetration of electric vehicles in India. This article will highlight all of these challenges.

Challenges Faced by the Country for Installing Electric Vehicles

India is facing several challenges and a lack of proper infrastructure like low production of battery capabilities, charger compatibility, power consumption, suitable location for charging stations, etc., in terms of development. Let us dig deeper into all these challenges and overcome these challenges to save the environment and India’s economy:

The location for installing the electric vehicles charging station

One of the foremost challenges charging station installers come up against is location. If the charging station placement is not at the proper destination, it becomes invisible, inaccessible, and inconvenient for EV users to charge.

To overwhelm the problem, EV charging station owners install the charger at a desirable location with attributes like ample parking space, accessibility, efficiency, ease of setup, and a kiosk or a coffee shop for customers to spend time while charging the EVs. All these ideal environments are efficient but not easy to set up.

High Initial Investment

The initial investment for installing an electric vehicle charging station is high. Installers must meet particular requirements like proper placement location, land, the right merchandiser, power consumption, grid power stability, multiple chargers, cables, and other components added to the expense.

Because of this heavy expense, the government is investing in electric vehicle companies to expand the use of EV charging infrastructure. It helps install the infrastructures with DC chargers, which are fast and more efficient than AC chargers. It increases their utilization and makes EV chargers more accessible.

Multiple Connectors for Charging EVs

An electric vehicle charging station must include all the charging connectors so EV users can access the chargers or any charging connector. Some typical charging connectors are Bharat DC-001, CHAdeMO, CCS (Combined Charging System), and AC-001, which installers must add to a single charging station.

It will allow customers to select their choice that fits the charging port of their electric vehicle. Also, they can choose what type of charging mechanism they want, fast or slow, based on their requirements and timing perspectives.

There are different types of electric vehicles, and based on the capacity of the taking voltage and current, there must be chargers with both slow and rapid powers for such situations. Installers must spend money according to customers’ demand and might also need to install superchargers.

Technical Challenges at Electric Charging Station

Before opening up an electric vehicle charging station, installers must determine all the technical factors that may create problems if not properly undertaken. Setting up an electric vehicle charging station requires top-grade and out-and-out technical expertise.

Some typical issues faced in technical domains are voltage flaws, over current, frequency incompatibility, and ground faults. Installers must also pay attention to the proper combination of proximity sensors, stabilizers, and control pilot sensors to maintain voltage oscillations under control.

In case of any issues, it will have an adverse impact on the expensive components in the charging station. Also, setting up an EV charging station can create challenges and concerns like power problems, grounding, heat dissipation, and voltage monitoring, which EV charging infrastructure installers can solve by properly developing some hardware components.

Software Related Challenges

After setting the installment, charging station installers often find difficulties in setting charging slots. Their availability is one of the most crucial aspects in maintaining a proper infrastructure of the EV charging station. Thus, every charging station owner must develop helpful software to make charging strategy more efficient and saves time.

In India, the Central and State Governments are taking efficient solutions and measures to bring an e-mobility revolution and turn India into a hundred percent electric vehicle nation according to the forecast year 2030.

To successfully switch from petrol to electric vehicles cars, every electric vehicle owner and charging infrastructure installer must overcome these challenges and build enough EV chargers at convenient destinations.

With such inspiring and encouraging measures and the embracing the green strategies by significant private-sector automobile enterprises, Indian citizens can predict a rapid change in the trends of vehicles on Indian roads in the forecast years.


This article discusses all the five primary challenges installers may face setting up electric vehicle charging stations in India. These challenges can be advantageous if one finds the right solutions for setting up an efficient and fast charging infrastructure that EV users can easily access, utilize and have all the charging compatibilities needed for fast charging.

Identifying these challenges can help promote the demand for EV charging stations by the government and private EV companies.


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